CBD and Anxiety Research, Studies, and Trials

CBD and Anxiety Research, Studies, Trials

 

We've referenced 100's of studies across dozens of pages on CBD and anxiety.

 

There's a lot to cover.

 

The question...is how do we make this easy to reference?

 

We finally settled on a multi-prong approach.

 

  • First, we would reference each page to access specific research on those pages
  • Secondly, we would show larger scale trials of CBD and anxiety or its pathways

 

For those who are not tech savvy, you can "Control F" (PC or Mac) to find a specific word such as "social" for social anxiety.

 

Hopefully, the information below shows just how dedicated we are to research and helping people understand not just the root of anxiety, but how to strike fear in ITS heart!

 

Happy researching!

 

List of Pages with Research on CBD and Anxiety

(ranked by importance - from general to specific pathways).

 

(You can click on any page to find dozens of studies specific to that topic)

 

Research on Types of Anxiety and CBD 

 


Research to Compare CBD and Anxiety Medications 

 

Research on CBD and the Components of Anxiety 

 


Practical Questions on CBD and Anxiety 

 

That's the current list specific to Anxiety.  

 

Each page will have dozens of studies and links.

 

Now, let's get to some of the bigger trials on CBD and anxiety.

 

Next up, key Studies and Trials on CBD and Anxiety plus pathways

 

Cannabidiol in Anxiety and Sleep: A Large Case Series

 

Results: 

Anxiety scores decreased within the first month in 57 patients (79.2%) and remained decreased during the study duration. 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6326553/

 

Interesting Items: 

  • The doses used were lower than other studies; (25-175mg per day)
  • Participants originally listing sleep issues had a better response on anxiety
  • Hamilton score dropped approx 7 and 9 points (anxiety vs sleep) during 3 month course.
  • 72 participants (47 anxiety, 25 sleep)

 

See CBD and Anxiety Benefits for CBD and General Anxiety Disorder

 

Cannabidiol Reduces the Anxiety Induced by Simulated Public Speaking in Treatment-Naïve Social Phobia Patients

Result: 

Pretreatment with CBD significantly reduced anxiety, cognitive impairment and discomfort in their speech performance, and significantly decreased alert in their anticipatory speech. 

 

Interesting Items: 

  • Single dose of 600 mg 1 hour prior to simulated public speaking
  • One group of participants had diagnosed social anxiety disorder
  • 24 participants 
  • Double-blind, Placebo

 

Big take-away: 

The SSPS-N scores evidenced significant increases during the testing of placebo group that was almost abolished in the CBD group. 

 

SSPS-N is a Negative Self-Statement test to reflect a person's own judgement on themselves.  

 

See CBD and Public Speaking for full review or CBD and Performance Anxiety

 

Research on CBD dose


Cannabidiol presents an inverted U-shaped dose-response curve in the simulated public speaking test


Again, the acute administration of CBD produced anxiolytic effects with a dose-dependent bell-shaped curve in healthy subjects, since the personal anxiety quantities were reduced with CBD 300 mg, but not with the other CBD doses of 100 and 900 mg 

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0924977X16317023?via%3Dihub

 

Interesting Items: 

 

THC versus CBD  for Anxiety


Distinct effects of {delta}9-tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol on neural activation during emotional processing:


Cannabidiol attenuated the blood oxygenation level-dependent signal in the amygdala and the anterior and posterior cingulate cortex while subjects were processing intensely fearful faces, and its suppression of the amygdalar and anterior cingulate responses was correlated with the concurrent reduction in SCR fluctuations

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19124693/

 

Interesting Items: 

New brain scans are showing shifts in brain area processing away from "fear" centers like the Amygdala


THC had the opposite effect: 

Delta9-Tetrahydrocannabinol increased anxiety, as well as levels of intoxication, sedation, and psychotic symptoms, whereas there was a trend for a reduction in anxiety following administration of CBD.

See CBD versus THC for anxiety or Why You must use CBD to protect from effects of THC

List of Animal Studies for CBD and Anxiety 

There are many studies on CBD's anti-anxiety effect across multiple animal models.

Link here: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4604171/table/Tab1/?report=objectonly

 

Interesting Items: 

  • The same bell-shaped curve pops up for these studies in terms of dosage (see above).
  • CBD has also been shown to enhance extinction of contextually conditioned fear responses.
  • The endocannabinoid system (which CBD bolsters) is key to forgetting fear and trauma.

List of Human Studies for CBD and Anxiety 

Link here: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4604171/table/Tab2/?report=objectonly

 

Neuroimaging Studies:

Link here: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4604171/table/Tab3/?report=objectonly

 

Interesting Items: 

  • We need to look at CBD by itself since THC has the opposite effect on anxiety
  • Range of dosages that are effective run from 300 to 600 mg

CBD and the pathway of SSRI's

Moreover, CB1 knockout mice displayed functional impairment of 5-HT1A and 5-HT2A/C receptor-mediated neurotransmission in the hippocampus [117] while a loss of antidepressants behavioral effects was described after genetic blocked of CB1 receptors 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3648779/

 

This is fascinating.  Basically, the effects of SSRI's like Prozac, Lexapro, Zoloft, and Effexor is via the serotonin 5HT pathway.

 

When scientist, genetically blocked CB1 (endocannabinoid) receptors, the SSRI lost its effect.

 

This does two things… 

  • It ties the effect of SSRI's to serotonin (and really BDNF)
  • It also says that they operate via CBD's primary system

 

Check out CBD versus SSRI or CBD and BDNF for anxiety

CBD, Estradiol, and Anxiety 

Then, there's the effect of estradiol on anxiety (for our perimenopausal ladies).

 

When they supplemented estradiol,  it resulted in anti-anxiety and anti-depression effects to counter the results of losing their ovaries.

 

Guess what happens when they block endocannabinoid function (CB1) to this effect of estradiol: 

Interestingly, however, anxiolytic- and antidepressant-like effects produced by estradiol administration are attenuated by CB1R blockade [112], whereas estradiol administration increases AEA levels 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4169112/

 

This means that the endocannabinoid system (CB1 is a key receptor) is key to estradiol's effect on this pathway.

 

Check out our full review of Estradiol and anxiety or Pregnenelone and anxiety.

 

This brings up AEA, anandamide.

Reduced anxiety-like behaviour induced by genetic and pharmacological inhibition of the endocannabinoid-degrading enzyme fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) is mediated by CB1 receptor 

http://www.for926.uni-bonn.de/kunden/for926/content/e229/e709/e1292/2008_Moreira_Neuropsychopharmacol.pdf

 

Interesting Items: 

  • FAAH eats up Anandamide, our Bliss molecule
  • CBD blocks FAAH which increases Anandamide
  • This entire pathway it key to anxiety, depression, and pain

 

See the woman who can't feel pain or anxiety for more information.

CBD and Serotonin System 

This is the key lever for SSRI's, a main medication class for anxiety (see CBD versus SSRI's here).

 

CBD has been shown to help balance this pathway…

Cannabidiol modulates serotonergic transmission and reverses both allodynia and anxiety-like behavior in a model of neuropathic pain.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30157131

 

Interesting Items: 

  • CBD "modulates", not boosts serotonin the way SSRI's do (with potential for serious side effects)
  • They could block the anti-anxiety effect of CBD (cannabidiol) by blocking serotonin pathways!


Notice how pain (allodynia) was also affected??  Interesting.

 


Then there's CBD's partner in crime (or building as it were)...BDNF.

 

CBD and BDNF for Anxiety


Cannabidiol Induces Rapid and Sustained Antidepressant-Like Effects Through Increased BDNF Signaling and Synaptogenesis in the Prefrontal Cortex.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29869197

 

Interesting Items: 

  • Depression and anxiety can share common pathways in the brain if resulting from inflammation, stress, and inadequate repair.
  • Synaptogenesis is the very cool process of building new pathways and networks in the brain
  • The prefrontal cortex is the key part of the anxiety circuit tasked with offsetting our fear response 


These are just a highlight of some of our favorite studies from all the pages above.

 

All told, there are probably a few hundred referenced studies, papers, trials across the pages above for anxiety.

 

CBD and the mechanisms of anxiety was one of the final reviews so it incorporated almost every aspect to that point.

 

That's a great place to start!

 

Anxiety from perimenopause was one of the key reasons we found CBD and even started IndigoNaturals.

 

We've now written a few 100 thousand words on every aspect we could tease out from research with a simple goal..

 

Help others avoid what we had to go through.

 

Enjoy.  Enlighten.  Empower.  

 

Be well!

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